LidaLidris) a town 60 miles south of Vilna. Between the World Wars it was part of Poland. In September 1939 it was annexed to the Soviet Union.
On June 30, 1941, it was occupied by the Germans. A ghetto was created there. Refugees from Vilna and other towns were settled there. In the period July through November 1941, when mass murder was taking place in Vilna, Lida was relatively calm and many Jews tried to flee there.
In May 1942, an "Aktion" was carried out in Lida and 5,670 Jews were killed. A partisan organization was formed. Young Jews began to escape to the forests.
On the evening of September 17, 1943, a group of partisans came into the ghetto to lead Jews into the forest. However, the next day the ghetto was liquidated and the inhabitants were sent to the Majdanek extermination camp. The partisans were caught in this liquidation. Only a few managed to escape at the last minute.
Altogether, 500 Jews fled from Lida into the forest. Some 300 reached partisan units. Some 100 were still alive when Lida was liquidated in July 1944.
Sources: Gutman, The Encyclopedia of the Holocaust; Arad, Ghetto In Flames.