Encyclopedia

Extermination Camps

(Vernichtungslager), Nazi camps in Poland in which millions of Jews were murdered as part of the "Final Solution", as well as hundreds of thousands of Roma (Gypsies), non-Jewish Poles and Soviet prisoners of war.

The 6 extermination camps were Auschwitz-Birkenau, Belzec, Chelmno, Majdanek, Sobibor and Treblinka. The purpose of these six camps was the systematic murder of human beings and the disposal of their bodies. Killing was done in a factory-like manner by poison gas in gas chambers or gas vans. The bodies were buried in mass graves or burned. The overwhelming majority of victims in these 6 camps were Jews.


Sources: Encyclopedia of the Holocaust; USHMM, Historical Atlas of the Holocaust.


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