(Krakow), one of the oldest and largest cities in Poland, and the location of one of the most important Jewish communities in Europe.

On March 20, 1941 the ghetto was sealed off. It was confined to a small area and heavily overcrowded. By the end of October 1942 after the second deportation (Aktion)the ghetto was split into two parts. On March 13, 1943 the residents of part "A" were sent to the Plaszow labor camp and on March 14 the residents of part "B" were transferred to Auschwitz-Birkenau and gassed there.

There was a resistance movement in the ghetto. Their most famous operation was an attack on the Cygeneria café in which 11 Germans were killed and 13 wounded. Attempts were made to join in partisan activities in the surrounding area but the resistance encountered problems because of their isolation and because of the hostile attitude of units of the AK (Armia Krajowa Polish Home Army) which did not take kindly to Jewish partisan operations.

Source: Encyclopedia of the Holocaust.

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